Economía

¿Qué es la deuda externa?¿Cuáles son los países que más deben?

Artículo Anterior¿Cómo gana dinero Google?
  • Avichuelas

    Hola,

    Primeramente felicitarte por tu blog, y me gustaría que me aclarases algunas dudas que me surgen.

    1. Si paraísos fiscales como Luxemburgo o Suiza tienen semejante deuda, ¿por qué no tienen tantos problemas como Islandia o Irlanda?

    2. Si todos los países tienen deuda, ¿quiénes son los acreedores realmente?

    3. Hablas de condonación de deuda, pero si profundizamos más en los datos vemos que los países con menos deuda son los menos desarrollados. ¿Cómo se explicaría eso?

    Un salúdo

    • deudaexterna

      Hola Avichuelas.

      Gracias por seguir nuestro blog y que te interese lo que escribimos, es un honor para nosotros. En cuanto a lo que preguntas:

      1.Luxemburgo o Suiza como bien comentas son paraísos fiscales. Esto quiere decir que mucha gente depósita su dinero en ese país para evitar pagar menos impuestos en su país de origen entre otras cosas. Pero cuando una persona deposita el dinero en un banco suizo, el banco suizo “le debe” ese dinero al depositante ya que el dinero no es suyo. Puesto como la deuda externa incluye deudas públicas y privadas, los paraísos físcales presentan esos elevados ratios de deuda porque el dinero que hay depositado en sus cuentas no son del país, sino que son de extranjeros y por tanto se considera deuda.

      2.Ahi has dado en el clavo. Realmente todos los países se deben unos a otros porque la mayoría de países son acreedores y deudores a la vez. Esto provoca que sea prácticamente imposible que todo lo que deben los países se pueda pagar alguna vez.

      3. Los países que menos deuda tienen son en su mayoría paises con una economía muy pequeña o con gobiernos inestables que impiden por tanto el normal acceso al mercado de deuda. Por eso su nivel de deuda es tan bajo. La condonación de la deuda hace referencia a países más desarrollados, especialmente latinoamericanos, cuyo nivel de deuda les ahoga y les impide desarrollarse como debería.

  • jennifer

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